Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Practical Classroom Strategies to Promote L2 Oral Fluency Free Essay Example, 2000 words

Collocation phrases, phrasal verbs and idioms are the most commonly used chunks in teaching of second language to promote oral fluency. Other chunks that are used include common polite expressions like ‘take a seat’. These polite expressions are used in everyday communication and when the L2 teacher uses them in teaching a second language, the fluency of the learner is greatly improved (Birch, 2014). Moskal & Camille (2006) characterize chunks that can be effectively used to promote oral fluency in a second language. Some of the characteristics of the chunks include phonological coherence, repeated use and greater complexity as compared to the other learner’s output. Chunks are also repeatedly used and are always in the same form. This is in addition to the fact that their use is situation dependent. In order to promote oral fluency, L2 learners can be made to listen to a recorded tape in that second language and be asked to identify the various commonly used chunks. This allows them to understand and appreciate how the common chunks are used in various contexts, rather than focusing on the meaning of the words in the language. Focusing on Fluency Instead of Grammar Many students are afraid of making grammatical mistakes in the language that they are learning. We will write a custom essay sample on Practical Classroom Strategies to Promote L2 Oral Fluency or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The reason why this is the case is due to the fact that they are afraid of making a mistake under the watch of their peers or fellow learners. This can be avoided by the teacher explaining the error patterns of the natives, minimizing grammatical error correction and taking errors as a skill that the L2 learners need to master in order to be fluent in the second language. Teaching oral fluency in a second language is quite different from teaching the various other aspects of a language. In teaching and promoting fluency, the L2 teacher should be willing to let go some of the control in the classroom (Derwing et al. , 2004). This allows for the setting up of a situation where fluency can be developed and also encourage the students to be communicative. Unlike the teaching of language knowledge, promoting and teaching fluency is considered to be the ‘automatization’ of the language knowledge. Being fluent is something that is automatic, and that does not require much attention. This is because it is a process that is characterized by psycholinguistic processes associated with that particular language. This automatically occurs when the teacher focuses on the fluency of the speaker rather than on the grammar of the sentences that are made or constructed by the speaker or learner.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

We Must Stop Gun Control - 967 Words

Today’s statistics present that hundreds of thousands of other people in our communities committed suicide with a gun and nearly half a million people suffered other gun injuries(4,name) And this is no surprise,as this nation continues to grow rapidly in number.But this nation must not continue to let these statistics to rise,nevertheless continue homicide victims [to be] armed in disappropriate numbers:[as] large and growing proportion of victims are criminals themselves(Polsby,2)The people of the nation must take action by drawing a limit and supporting gun control,for it not only affects the safety of an individual citizen,but as a nation altogether.With the laws established they will make society safer, not interfere with civil liberties,and will work towards saving lives and dissolve gun violence. To initiate,bringing gun control will make society safer.In order to undertand the subject of this controversial item,onewould first need to understand the reason why there is a need for guns. When asking a single person why there is a need for guns,it attacks a physiological problem.’They [gun owners] say guns give people the power or self defense--and dissuade criminals from victimizing people who might be armed.’(Smith,3)The people have a tendency to believe that owning a firearm will ensure protection and their safety.Therefore,owning a gun is equal to feeling safe to some.This is an often misconception because †being safe is not equal to being safe.†(Polsby,2) AShow MoreRelatedIssue of Gun Control871 Words   |  4 PagesGun control has been a controversial issue in the past, but it has recently been popping everywhere on the news, considering the recent occurrences of abuse. I believe we need a system in which citizens do not need to fear, but we al so need a system in which rights are not being taken away. European countries such as United Kingdom have extremely strict laws on firearms. This extremeness has actually proven to work causing fewer deaths by guns. . Assault weapons are far too dangerous for regularRead MoreThe Issue Of Gun Violence1550 Words   |  7 PagesGun violence has run rampant in America. Due to this many Americans have this issue at the forefront of their minds. Everybody seems to think that they have the solution to this problem. The reality here is that the violence lies not in the gun, but in whomever carries out the act of using the gun in a violent manner. Many people fail to see this though, and think by removing guns completely from society the violence will cease. The people who take this side, are tired of innocent people being killedRead MoreGun Control And Its Effect On The Country1310 Words   |  6 Pagesbut guns are the instrument of death. Gun control is necessary, and delay means more de ath and horror† (BrainyQuote, n.d.). Many people say that gun control will not affect violence rates in a country. Also, they say that if everyone has a gun, then that will stop mass massacres. The people who believe that gun control is not needed are wrong. This is because gun control has been proven to improve the safety of a country. For example, In Australia and Britain reduced violence caused by guns by puttingRead MoreThe Shootings That Affect Our Society1362 Words   |  6 Pagesschools throughout the Unites States have created a great divide among Americans on what we should do as a nation to prevent further violence with guns from happening. Many people believe that imposing laws when purchasing weapons and requiring background checks, holding adults responsible for the actions of their children and requiring gun locks on weapons to prevent children from obtaining such weapons will stop these massacres in our schools from happening. There are many issues that need to be lookedRead MoreWe Have The Right Of Bear Arms1449 Words   |  6 PagesTrey Leis Mrs. Swenson English 11 College Bound 17 September 2015 We have the Right to bear arms This country is known for its freedom, but it’s slowly being taken away from us by the government and protesters who think that guns kill and cause violence and murders. The protesters like to blame the gun for what people do, the gun doesn’t shoot itself, and it’s the ignorant person behind it. America is known for their gun power and strength and if you take that all away then countries will be ableRead MoreThe Importance Of Gun Control917 Words   |  4 Pagesfirearms? Guns play a major part in the World, whether they are for protection or to do harm to others. While people can defend themselves, gun control needs to be more strict because guns are sold from and bought by people who do not fit the qualifications, children are accidentally killed, and the number of deaths in America are greatly rising. What is a huge way to decrease deaths in America? To decrease deaths in America people need to be aware of all situations that are happening and put a stop toRead MoreGun Control Persuasive Essay1539 Words   |  7 PagesTighter Gun Control Once again the topic of gun control has risen due to the most recent mass shooting in Las Vegas, which was the deadliest mass shooting in modern US history. This shooting resulted in the loss of 58 innocent lives and the harm to more than 500 others. As we can see, these events are happening far too often and we must make a change soon. While this Letter to the Editor gives me a place to express my concern on this issue, I will also use Facebook and Twitter to reach as many viewersRead MoreShould Gun Laws Be Stricter Gun Control?1354 Words   |  6 PagesRights for Guns We have all been through that pain of losing a love one either it was to an incurable disease, old age, and car accident or during time of war. Nevertheless, we have lost more love ones through gun violence. People have own guns since the time guns were invented, but â€Å"Are guns for everyone?† We have heard of gun laws throughout the whole United States of America some enforce those laws and other do not. The government enforce stricter gun control laws so the public can be safe, toRead MoreEssay on Reasons for Gun Control936 Words   |  4 PagesSome of the reasons for gun control are that it will help the government get a control on us.Hitler in world war 2 used gun control against the jewish people to better control and corral them. Historians have documented most everything about it except what made it so easy to attack the defenseless Jews without fear of resistance. Their guns were registered and thus easily confiscated.(stephen halbrook)If the government started reg istering guns and know their location left and right they could overthrowRead MorePresident Obama s Gun Control Plan949 Words   |  4 Pagesmany awful violent crimes that are committed in our country each day involving the use of a gun or firearm? It has come to the time when our country really needs a change to keep our children safe and to prevent violent acts involving guns at a minimum. To accomplish this goal President Obama has constructed a plan to reduce gun violence and that plan includes requiring criminal background checks on all gun purchases, illegalizing military style assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, making

Civil Rights

Question: Write weekly reaction notes, in response to discussion prompts posted on blackboard for that weeks class session. This exercise is intended to give you the opportunity to practice your writing, and is also meant to help you prepare for in-class discussion by prompting you to think through the materials and react to them. Answer: Civil rights: Rights protecting the person with disabilities: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973: it is the federal law protecting the individual facing the discrimination based upon the disability. Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a different law protecting and prohibiting the discrimination practice in regards to the physically challenged person. It acts in the same manner, by which sec 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, 1973ACT. There are certain people who qualify to enter in the class of disability. It is painful to see that in such a modern age, there is a class separate for the physically challenged people. They can always term as the specially abled individual since many of them are capable of various activities (hhs.gov 2016). Hence, there are some rights to protect them like: Apply with the eligibility criteria. Refuse participant allowance. Provide various beneficial services. Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act says about the protection means for the discriminated class. Not only the discrimination occurs with the physical disability or such kind, but even the discrimination can also be observed in the places for gender as well as the caste (gov.uk 2016). The Department of Health and Human services introduced some fund system for the socially discriminated class for their upliftment. Rights for the person having HIV and AIDS: Discrimination may occur when any organization prevents any HIV positive person from participating in a certain program. But our concern must be such that if the person is able with the criteria mentioned, then preventing on the ground of physical illness is the violation of the civil rights. There must be the reasonable accommodation for such person, but denouncing is against the civil norms. The act of ADA protects the other person from getting discriminated on the ground that either some of their family members or the friends suffer from the disease. It is also important to spread awareness regarding the consequences that may or may not occur, and all the individual needs training to take precautions accordingly. The department that receives the funds are hospitals, rehabilitation centers, foster care homes and many other nutritional programs to name a few (aclu.org). For the protection of the Civil rights, there are options available to file a complaint against those who violate them. The system kept is very simple which includes the written document with the name mentioned along with the address and the name against whom such report made. Then the person must send it to the office of the civil rights where there is some assistance available free of cost. Social security(supplemental security income): Supplemental security is the monthly income for some low paid individuals on certain grounds that includes the senior citizens, blind and physically challenged. For the disable and blind, the SSI will vary with the income of the parents of such victims. Various stated have various amount offered depending on the necessity of the situation. It is a helpful method since the calculation is based on the benefit of the family which excludes various parts in the income along with the SNAP benefits and some NGOs (ssa.gov2016). References: Discrimination: your rights - GOV.UK. (2016). Gov.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2016, from https://www.gov.uk/discrimination-your-rights/types-of-discrimination HIV and Your Civil Rights in the Workplace. (2016). American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 26 May 2016, from https://www.aclu.org/know-your-rights/hiv-and-your-civil-rights-workplace KNOW YOUR RIGHTS AGAINST DISCRIMINATION!. (2016). hhs.gov. Retrieved 25 May 2016, from https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/knowyourcivilrightsfactsheet.pdf social security. (2016). ssa.gov. Retrieved 25 May 2016, from https://www.ssa.gov/pubs/EN-05-11000.pdf

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Patriotism Essays (383 words) - Patriotism, Communism,

Where would our country be without patriotism? Where would we be without patriotism? Would we be living in a Communist county? Would we have freedom, rights and security? Those are questions you should think about. Patriotism was in the brave Patriots and our founding fathers who came together and built our nation. Patriotism still matters to this day because we?re all still patriots at heart. We still fight to support our freedom and security. How would you like to live in a nation that picks who you marry, chooses where to live, makes you work a job that you might not want to, and does not allow you the freedom to speak your mind? If the people who founded our country did not have patriotism in mind, that is how we would be living. Even in present time, if our soldiers do not have patriotism, we would have lost our freedom. The American Government and Armed Forces do their best to prevent the spread of Communism and replace Communist Governments with Democracy. Or how about 9/11/01, after the terrorists attacked, our country did not sit around and moan, we stood up and fought back and took charge to show that we will do something about it. Without patriotism, we would be ruled by Great Britain because we wouldn?t have successfully revolted against Great Britain?s government. Great Britain is allies with us, but with all due respect, we wouldn?t be free. Our government is divided into three branches. Not one branch has more or less power that the other. Our system of government is headed by a President rather than a King. I?m not too sure about Britain?s government but to my knowledge, I believe they are still ruled by a King. Again, with all due respect, I believe America is a more free, a safer, and stronger country than Great Britain. Patriotism just doesn?t still matter, it is essential to our country. Patriotism was present on the day our county was born, and will still be here until the end of the world. Patriotism is like water to a plant. When a plant is given water, it grows stronger. The same applies to patriotism. When patriotism remains present in our country, our country grows stronger.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Free Essays on Zeno Ans The First Paradox Of Motion

Name: Preven Chetty Zeno of Elea and the first paradox of motion {including its correlation to the theory on Maya and an appendix on Lao Tzu} - In order to understand Zeno and his arguments against motion it would be helpful to know his background. This is difficult because Zeno was alive in 450 B.C and there are few materials about him. Most of our information is indirect and possibly all of Zeno’s arguments on motion have emerged from one book. What we can safely assume however was that Zeno was a disciple of Parmenides and a supporter of his theories. Background Theories Parmenides (c.515,445 B.C) believed that there is no real change in the world and that all of reality is actually one. Parmenides changed the course of Greek philosophy and not until Plato and Aristotle (384-322 BC) would any philosopher challenge his metaphysical assumptions. Parmenides writings are in the form of a philosophical poem and in the poem it is said that he was driven in a chariot to the gates of light and dark where he met a divine goddess who showed him that reality cannot be generated or destroyed, is all alike, unmoved and complete ( Mautner, T, 1996). It would be interesting to note at this point that Parmenides monistic view of the world is not only to be found in secular Greek philosophy but it is also the foundation of Indian philosophy. In ancient India, even before the time of Parmenides there was a growing consensus amongst scholars that the universe is illusory and is a projection of the One Being. Thus reality is an illusion (also known as Maya) and its varied and changing nature is false for it is in essence one thing (Edgerton, F, 1952). Common in Indian philosophy is the idea that the senses are also a product of Maya (i.e. : ignorance). Desire is perceived as false since it is born out of ignor... Free Essays on Zeno Ans The First Paradox Of Motion Free Essays on Zeno Ans The First Paradox Of Motion Name: Preven Chetty Zeno of Elea and the first paradox of motion {including its correlation to the theory on Maya and an appendix on Lao Tzu} - In order to understand Zeno and his arguments against motion it would be helpful to know his background. This is difficult because Zeno was alive in 450 B.C and there are few materials about him. Most of our information is indirect and possibly all of Zeno’s arguments on motion have emerged from one book. What we can safely assume however was that Zeno was a disciple of Parmenides and a supporter of his theories. Background Theories Parmenides (c.515,445 B.C) believed that there is no real change in the world and that all of reality is actually one. Parmenides changed the course of Greek philosophy and not until Plato and Aristotle (384-322 BC) would any philosopher challenge his metaphysical assumptions. Parmenides writings are in the form of a philosophical poem and in the poem it is said that he was driven in a chariot to the gates of light and dark where he met a divine goddess who showed him that reality cannot be generated or destroyed, is all alike, unmoved and complete ( Mautner, T, 1996). It would be interesting to note at this point that Parmenides monistic view of the world is not only to be found in secular Greek philosophy but it is also the foundation of Indian philosophy. In ancient India, even before the time of Parmenides there was a growing consensus amongst scholars that the universe is illusory and is a projection of the One Being. Thus reality is an illusion (also known as Maya) and its varied and changing nature is false for it is in essence one thing (Edgerton, F, 1952). Common in Indian philosophy is the idea that the senses are also a product of Maya (i.e. : ignorance). Desire is perceived as false since it is born out of ignor...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Analysis on Mi Abuelo

The grandfather released his angst through the narrator. The conflict of the poem is that the narrator could not understand why the grandfather always told him that his hair is a sieve. He argues with the grandfather saying that his hair is not a sieve but the old man continued to insist the sieve hair. From this context, it was seen that the character is a weak person because he could not show his real emotions towards one situation or thing. He turned his guilt and insanity towards other people to hide the complexities of thinking. The author attacked within the poem in a simple rationalization. As the reader, I saw two different conflicts that emerged in the whole poem but the author resolved only one conflict, which is the narrator’s conflicts towards the issue of having a sieve hair but the grandfather’s conflict within his own self was unresolved. The sieve hair in the poem symbolizes the life of the grandfather. His journey and struggle were sieved in an untangled path of existence. He said that the narrator’s hair is a sieve because by the end of it all, the narrator’s life will be the same as the grandfather. In terms of the poem’s construction, it was not fully understandable because the author’s way of dividing each line and stanzas do not have complete essence. Each line could not stand its own meaning alone because it depends on the next line in a complex manner. The term â€Å"Mi Abuelo† was not thoroughly defined. This term was only compared to the grandfather without justification of its true essence and meaning as a word. Because of this, readers would become confuse with the statement of Mi Abuelo and being the title of the poem. Despite of it all, the poem is a simple thing that is easy to understand and discuss. It shows the life and issues that old people used to obtain whether it is meaningless or senseless, for them these are still important and relevant to life.    Reference (1982). Mi Abuelo.  Ã‚   From Whispering to Fool the Wind. New York: Sheep Meadow. Retrieved 23 February 2008. Analysis on Mi Abuelo The grandfather released his angst through the narrator. The conflict of the poem is that the narrator could not understand why the grandfather always told him that his hair is a sieve. He argues with the grandfather saying that his hair is not a sieve but the old man continued to insist the sieve hair. From this context, it was seen that the character is a weak person because he could not show his real emotions towards one situation or thing. He turned his guilt and insanity towards other people to hide the complexities of thinking. The author attacked within the poem in a simple rationalization. As the reader, I saw two different conflicts that emerged in the whole poem but the author resolved only one conflict, which is the narrator’s conflicts towards the issue of having a sieve hair but the grandfather’s conflict within his own self was unresolved. The sieve hair in the poem symbolizes the life of the grandfather. His journey and struggle were sieved in an untangled path of existence. He said that the narrator’s hair is a sieve because by the end of it all, the narrator’s life will be the same as the grandfather. In terms of the poem’s construction, it was not fully understandable because the author’s way of dividing each line and stanzas do not have complete essence. Each line could not stand its own meaning alone because it depends on the next line in a complex manner. The term â€Å"Mi Abuelo† was not thoroughly defined. This term was only compared to the grandfather without justification of its true essence and meaning as a word. Because of this, readers would become confuse with the statement of Mi Abuelo and being the title of the poem. Despite of it all, the poem is a simple thing that is easy to understand and discuss. It shows the life and issues that old people used to obtain whether it is meaningless or senseless, for them these are still important and relevant to life.    Reference (1982). Mi Abuelo.  Ã‚   From Whispering to Fool the Wind. New York: Sheep Meadow. Retrieved 23 February 2008.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

The Relationship between Animal Abuse and Human Abuse Essay

The Relationship between Animal Abuse and Human Abuse - Essay Example Abuse to animals is a horrible crime that ultimately touches us all, both as a society and as individuals. It is a documented fact that many serial killers began their life of violent crime by abusing animals. The evidence is in - it can no longer be denied: There is a connection between animal abuse and violent acts against humans such as domestic violence, elder abuse, child abuse and murder. Recent research has indicated that animal abuse and other forms of family violence often co-occur. Further, a child's violence towards animals is an indicator of potential future violence towards people Given these links, human and animal welfare organizations are beginning to work together to better detect and prevent violence towards both animals and people. In some parts of the U.S. these initiatives have been incorporated into the legal framework. Partello (1997) found that pets fill a variety of human needs, from acting as child substitutes, to providing companionship and unconditional love. These companion animals no longer live in barns and kennels but are an integral part of the human family. Ironically, this means that they suffer at the hands of abusers, just as children do. In a study by DeViney, Dickert, and Lockwood (1983) it was found that companion animals were abused in 88% of the families in which children were abused. Because abuse of animals by children invariably signals great distress, parents and other significant adults need to be informed that certain forms and/or patterns of cruelty should not be dismissed as typical childhood actions. You will note that cruelty to animals can be a sign of conduct disorder, and hurting animals is considered one of the earliest reported symptoms. A child's cruelty toward another animal can be an attempt to gain control over a creature that is smaller and weaker and may be the only way the child can feel powerful. It may reflect a desire to inflict pain or be a displacement of hostility. A child experiencing brutalization may also act on it towards animals. It is imperative that social workers, teachers, administrators, and psychologists become aware of animal abuse and its relationship to human violence so that they can design appropriate prevention and intervention programs. Primary prevention may focus on educational programs that protect children with clear guidelines for acceptable behavior with animals. Because abuse of animals by children invariably signals great distress, parents and other significant adults need to be informed that certain forms and/or patterns of cruelty should 4 not be dismissed as typical childhood actions. I. Animal Abuse Expands into Human Abuse Carpenter (2006) for those